Will the Chinese military or other maritime security forces fire upon another country's civil or military vessel in the South China Sea by September 30, 2020?
Context. The South China Sea is host to vast natural gas resources as well as a number of competing territorial claims. China has built military bases on several coral atolls and reefs in the South China Sea, and rejected an international tribunal's ruling that it has no historic rights claim to resources in certain sea areas (Lynn Kuok, 2018). These bases now include sophisticated facilities meant to enable military operations in this strategic area (Spatial Source, 2018). The U.S. conducts Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) to demonstrate China’s lack of claim to the area, which have sometimes led to tense encounters between the U.S. and Chinese navies (USNI News). China’s Maritime Militia and Coast Guard have also clashed with foreign fishing vessels in the area (Andrew Erickson).
Data and resolution details. This question resolves based on popular media sources. "Fires upon" assumes the discharge of a weapon with lethal intent and does not include methods such as water cannons, rubber bullets, or ramming.
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We have clarified that this question includes firing by Chinese maritime security forces, such as the Coast Guard and Maritime Militia.