On 28 February 2023, how many states will be following the California emissions standard banning the sale of new emissions-producing vehicles by 2035?
Closed Mar 01, 2023 04:59AM UTC
In their ongoing effort to reduce the impacts of climate change, last month the California Air Resources Board (CARB) approved Advanced Clean Cars II which requires that all new passenger cars and trucks sold in the state to be electric, hybrid, or otherwise zero emission (New York Times, CARB). California is the only state that can implement emissions standards that are more stringent than federal requirements (CARB, Environmental Protection Agency). Other states can opt to follow federal guidelines or California guidelines, and a number of other states are moving to adopt these more stringent standards (Fox Business, The Hill). Such moves are contentious and California’s new standards are expected to be challenged in court (New York Times, The Hill).
If on 28 February 2023, a state's relevant regulatory or legislative body has approved the adoption of the standards laid out in CARB's Advanced Clean Cars II regulations, that state will count as "following the California emissions standard" regardless of the status of any pending waivers, lawsuits, or legal challenges.
A state following California's previous zero-emission vehicles regulations is not enough in and of itself to conclude that they will follow the new standards set in Advanced Clean Cars II. To be considered as "following the California emissions standard", a state must either affirm that they will follow the new standards banning the sale of emissions-producing vehicles or have legislation or regulations in place stating that they will automatically adopt updates to California's emissions standard. California itself will not be included in the tally of states that have adopted the new standard.
State regulations themselves do not need to specifically mention California to count towards resolution, so long as the regulations ban the sale of new emissions-producing vehicles by 2035.
|Possible Answer||Final Crowd Forecast|
|Less than 5||14%|
|Between 5 and 11, inclusive||83%|
|Between 12 and 17, inclusive||3%|
|More than or equal to 18||0%|